Libya: Tripoli falls in to rebel hands
Wall of the Burj es-Sabaa (Lion’s Tower) dating from Mamluk period, Tripoli, Lebanon.
Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. Washington, DC — An armed group and affiliates fighting for control of the Libyan capital, Tripoli, appear to have used antipersonnel landmines and booby traps there in late May , Human Rights Watch said today. During the revolution against Muammar Gaddafi, General Hiftar pledged that armed forces under his command would never use landmines because the indiscriminate weapons cannot distinguish between fighters and civilians.
General Hiftar should publicly renew this pledge and instruct fighters under his command and foreign fighters supporting the LAAF to stop using landmines and destroy any stocks in their possession, Human Rights Watch said.
See more ideas about Tripoli, Uss constitution, Barbary wars. Dating from the early s through his death in , the Thomas Jefferson Papers consist.
Tripoli Trablos , 85 kilometers north of Beirut, has its own special character thanks to its historical wealth, relaxed lifestyle and thriving business climate, this is a city where modern and medieval blend easily into a lively and hospitable metropolis. Known as the capital of the North, Tripoli is Lebanon’s second largest city.
Forty-five buildings in the city, many dating from the 14th century, have been registered as historical sites. Twelve mosques from Mamluke and Ottoman times have survived along with an equal number of “madrassas” or theological schools. Secular buildings include the “hammam” or the bathing-house, which followed the classical pattern of Roman-Byzantine baths, and the “khan” or caravansary.
The souks, together with the “khans”, form an agglomeration of various trades where tailors, jewelers, perfumers, tanners and soap-makers work in surroundings that have changed very little over the last years.
Libya: Landmines Left After Armed Group Withdraws
Situated 85 kilometers 53 miles north of the capital Beirut , it is the capital of the North Governorate and the Tripoli District. Tripoli overlooks the eastern Mediterranean Sea , and it is the northernmost seaport in Lebanon. It holds a string of four small islands offshore, and they are also the only islands in Lebanon. The Palm Islands were declared a protected area because of their status of haven for endangered loggerhead turtles Chelona mydas , rare monk seals and migratory birds.
Berbers have inhabited central north Africa since ancient times, but the region has been settled and ruled by Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, and Vandals. In the the 7th century, Islam spread through the region; in the midth century, Ottoman rule began. The Italians supplanted the Ottoman Turks in the area around Tripoli in and did not relinquish their hold until when they were defeated in World War II.
Libya then passed to UN administration and achieved independence in Following a military coup, Col. During the s, QADHAFI used oil revenues to promote his ideology outside Libya, supporting subversive and terrorist activities that included the downing of two airliners – one over Scotland, another in Northern Africa – and a discotheque bombing in Berlin.
UN sanctions in isolated QADHAFI politically and economically following the attacks; sanctions were lifted in following Libyan acceptance of responsibility for the bombings and agreement to claimant compensation. QADHAFI also agreed to end Libya’s program to develop weapons of mass destruction, and he made significant strides in normalizing relations with Western nations. Unrest that began in several Middle Eastern and North African countries in late erupted in Libyan cities in early QADHAFI’s brutal crackdown on protesters spawned a civil war that triggered UN authorization of air and naval intervention by the international community.
Noise of fighting echoes through Tripoli as thousands flee homes
After the classical period, Lebanon continued to sit at the heart of political and economic developments in the region. Within a few decades, the power shifted from Damascus to Baghdad, and Anjar was abandoned. Tripoli also has much architecture dating to the Mamluk occupation that followed, while Ottoman buildings dating to the last years have been conserved in Beirut. Some of the best-preserved medieval monasteries in Lebanon are in the Ouadi Qadisha.
Here there are also caves used by the earliest Christian monastic communities in the Middle East.
We started our visit in Tripoli here, early in the morning. It was amazing! The fortress is almost intact, it is a pleasure walking through different part of it. The citadel dominates over the city as it was built at the hill. The views are stunningly. You can see how dense the population of the city is, there is a building by building. I definitely recommend visiting the fortress.
After being stuck in traffic for some time we arrived just 30 minutes before closing and were allowed to enter the picturesque Citadel free of charge to have a quick look and take some beautiful pictures. Free parking along the street.
Parties in Tripoli
Libya, a mostly desert and oil-rich country with an ancient history, has more recently been known for the year rule of the mercurial Colonel Muammar Gaddafi – and the chaos that has followed his departure. Libya was under foreign rule for centuries until it gained independence in Soon after oil was discovered and earned the country immense wealth.
Colonel Gaddafi seized power in and ruled for four decades until he was toppled in following an armed rebellion assisted by Western military intervention. In recent years the country has been a key springboard for migrants heading for Europe, and a source of international tension as rival governments in the west and east seek to establish nationwide control.
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To The Shores of Tripoli
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Old Town of Tripoli, an ancient walled city dating back to the Ottoman and Roman times.” Libya Alahrar TV wrote: “Al-Ahrar correspondent in Tripoli confirmed.
The Ain Zara district on the southern edges of Tripoli, where the factory lies, became a battleground in April last year as the forces of the Libyan National Army tried to seize the capital from the militias loyal to the Government of National Accord. The battle was the latest blow to small businesses in Libya, which plunged into violence after the NATO-backed uprising that toppled and killed veteran dictator Muammar Gadhafi.
After Gadhafi took power in a coup he had practically scrapped the private sector, sweeping away schools, factories, businesses, libraries and hotels and replacing them with state-run enterprises. That saddled the oil-dependent country with a bloated public sector — two million civil servants out of a population of 6. Sharkassi believes small and medium enterprises SMES can be a vector for development — providing the state commits to diversifying the economy away from oil income and encouraging private enterprise.
Marwan Boueshi, an ironworker whose workshop was partly destroyed in the battle for Tripoli, urged the government to introduce structural reforms, restore stability and show it is capable of fighting graft.
Number one in Tripoli – Citadel Saint Gilles (Qal’at Sinjil)
BENGHAZI, Libya — Libyan militia fighters assaulted a hotel in Tripoli housing members of the newly elected General National Congress on Tuesday, dramatizing the challenge the government faces in enforcing its ultimatum that all unauthorized brigades must submit to its authority or disband by the start of the day. The attack came as an American team arrived in Tripoli to investigate the death of Ambassador J.
Christopher Stevens in an assault this month on the American Mission in Benghazi. Libyans who had spoken with the team said the investigators had reached Tripoli, but it was unclear when they might proceed to Benghazi, where security for American government officials is precarious.
occupying it thoroughly Despite its evident importance, the dating of Tripoli’s capture is unclear and Albert of Aachen failed to give a precise date at all.
Some of the city’s ruins bear the marks of the various civilizations that once prospered in the city. The Arch of Marcus Aurelius represents the Roman era while Al Saraya Al Hamra fortress stands as a witness to the various nationalities who inhabited the city. This huge castle was probably built on the ruins of a Roman building dating from the 1st century A. Arab Muslims, Spaniards, the Knights of St.
John, Ottoman Turks and Italians used it as a government building. Now it houses the largest museum in the country featuring an impressive collection of Libyan, Phoenicians, Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Muslim antiquities. A city orientation drive will unveil its combined rich and colourful heritage. Visit the museum and continue on a walk in the Old Market, a vibrant part of the city, a must for any visitor to Tripoli.
Special Notes: No video or camera fees at sites visited. Tour suitable for elderly and assisted, physically challenged persons.